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  • 探索“五位一体”污水运维管理体系
  • 本站编辑:四川国清源环保科技有限公司发布日期:2019-09-18 19:38 浏览次数:

所谓“五位一体”,即县、乡镇(街道)、行政村、农户、第三方公司这5个实施主体各司其职,对生活污水治理的终端处理、管网等设施的运行加强日常维护管理,确保农村生活污水处理系统长效运行。

The so-called "five in one", namely, county, Township (street), administrative village, peasant household and third-party company, are responsible for each of the five main implementation bodies. They should strengthen the daily maintenance and management of the terminal treatment of domestic sewage treatment, the operation of pipeline network and other facilities to ensure the long-term operation of rural domestic sewage treatment system.

家门口的新变化

New changes at home

40多岁的李银枝家住海润街道头岙村。一幢三层的小洋楼,院内种满花草,一条60厘米宽的清水沟沿着墙院外蜿蜒而过。

Li Yinzhi, over 40, lives in Toulan Village, Hairun Street. A small three-storey building with flowers and grass growing in the courtyard, a 60 cm wide clear water ditch winding along the wall and outside the courtyard.

可在一年前,因为周边住户的生活污水直排出户,小水沟成了臭水沟,李银枝的日常生活也倍受困扰。好在这一切随着“五水共治”推进及当地污水管网的连接而改变。今年,李银枝家门口的污水接上了管道,村里还为整个管网配上了监管系统和人员。

But a year ago, Li Yinzhi's daily life was troubled because of the sewage discharged directly from the neighboring households, and the small ditch became a stinky ditch. Fortunately, all this changes with the promotion of the "five-water co-governance" and the connection of the local sewage network. This year, the sewage at Li Yinzhi's door was connected to the pipeline, and the village was equipped with a supervision system and personnel for the entire pipeline network.

李银枝向笔者介绍道,污水管网是今年3月份铺好的,与污水管相连的是污水管道交接检查井,主要用于生活污水、厨卫废水的接入与排出。而距离村庄不远的地方有一个一体化污水提升泵站——污水在这里汇集、过滤,并最终由水泵提升到达三门县城市污水处理厂。“我每天都会检查自家下水道口有没有被堵住,做好清扫工作。”李银枝说。

Li Yinzhi introduced to the author that the sewage pipe network was laid in March this year, and connected with the sewage pipe is the sewage pipe handover inspection well, which is mainly used for the access and discharge of domestic sewage and kitchen and sanitary wastewater. And not far from the village, there is an integrated sewage lifting pumping station, where sewage is collected, filtered, and eventually lifted by the pump to the Sanmen County municipal sewage treatment plant. "I check my sewer every day to see if it's blocked and clean it up." Li Yinzhi said.

今年,该县已在海润街道8个村建成污水处理设施运维试点,并进行试运营。

This year, the county has completed pilot operation and maintenance of sewage treatment facilities in eight villages of Hairun Street, and carried out trial operation.

引进第三方服务

Introducing Third Party Services

下水道被堵该怎么办?李银枝并不担心。她说,有啥问题找村专管员和服务单位,“他们会负责的。”

What should we do if the sewer is blocked? Li Yinzhi is not worried. She said that if there were any problems with the village administrators and service units, "they would be responsible for it."

李银枝口中的服务单位指的是三门富春紫光污水处理有限公司,专门负责海润街道已建村污水治理站点运维试点工作。与普通监管不同,这些试点村更多依赖于科技的力量,每个村的污水处理终端都安装了监控系统,可远程进行监控。同时,技术人员定期对污水治理站点设施、设备、水质进行日常巡检和管理。

Li Yinzhikou's service unit refers to Sanmen Fuchun Ziguang Sewage Treatment Co., Ltd., which is specially responsible for the pilot operation and maintenance of sewage treatment stations in villages built in Hairun Street. Unlike ordinary supervision, these pilot villages rely more on the power of science and technology, and each village has a monitoring system installed at its sewage treatment terminal, which can be monitored remotely. At the same time, technicians regularly inspect and manage facilities, equipment and water quality of sewage treatment stations.

11月23日,笔者在三门县城市污水处理厂的运维中心看到,机房的电脑屏幕上清晰地显示出8个运维试点的动态情况。“每天,我们通过城乡污水处理智能一体化管理系统监控村里排污设备的运行情况。一旦出了问题,这里马上就会有警报提醒,我们可立即派技术人员处置。”该公司技术人员陈其云说。

On November 23, the author saw in the operation and maintenance center of Sanmen City Sewage Treatment Plant that the computer screen of the computer room clearly showed the dynamic situation of eight operation and maintenance pilot projects. "Every day, we monitor the operation of village sewage disposal equipment through the intelligent integrated management system of urban and rural sewage treatment. Once something goes wrong, there will be an alarm and we can send technicians to deal with it imtely. Chen Qiyun, the company's technician, said.

“这就是我们引进的第三方企业,让专业人做专业事。”三门县城市污水处理有限公司经理林咸构表示。

"This is the third-party enterprise we have introduced to let professionals do professional work." Lin Xiangou, manager of Sanmen County Municipal Sewage Treatment Co., Ltd., said.

多层面长效管理

Multi-level and long-term management

除村民自己维护和第三方公司日常服务外,污水处理的责任方还有村、乡镇(街道)和县这三级层面。

In addition to the villagers'self-maintenance and the daily services of third-party companies, the responsible parties for sewage treatment include village, Township (street) and county levels.

具体分工上,县里落实考核监督职能;乡镇(街道)负责辖区内设施运行维护监管工作;村里做好日常设施管理维护工作;农户管好自家门前包干区;第三方负责一体化设施的日常运行管理。

In terms of specific division of labor, the county implements the function of assessment and supervision; the township (street) is responsible for the supervision of the operation and maintenance of facilities within its jurisdiction; the village does a good job in the daily management and maintenance of facilities; the farmer manages the contracted area in front of his own door; and the third party is responsible for the daily operation and management of integrated facilities.

“污水监管体系的建立,乡镇(街道)担负重责,从实际运作来看,效果很好。”海润街道党工委副书记秦象选如此表示。

"The establishment of sewage supervision system, Township (street) shoulder heavy responsibilities, from the actual operation, the effect is very good." Qin Xiangxuan, Deputy Secretary of the Party and Labor Committee of Hairun Street, said so.

而据林咸构介绍,该县将依托三门县城市污水处理厂、健跳镇污水处理厂、沿海工业城污水处理厂为独立主体,以移动App+智能云控制为监控平台,管理本区域的村站点运维。同时,探索多项有力措施,确保农村污水治理长效运维机制正常运行。

According to Lin Xianguo, the county will rely on Sanmen City Sewage Treatment Plant, Jiantiao Town Sewage Treatment Plant and Coastal Industrial City Sewage Treatment Plant as independent subjects, and take App + Intelligent Cloud control as monitoring platform to manage the operation and maintenance of village sites in the region. Meanwhile, several effective measures are explored to ensure the normal operation of the long-term operation and maintenance mechanism of rural sewage treatment.


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